Human Trafficking & Migrant Smuggling: Understanding the Difference

“Human trafficking” and “migrant smuggling” are two distinct crimes that often are erroneously conflated or referred to interchangeably.  Clarifying the differences between the two is critical to the development and implementation of sound government policies.  A key difference is that victims of trafficking are considered victims of a crime under international law; smuggled migrants are ...
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What is Trafficking in Persons?

Trafficking in persons, also known as modern slavery or human trafficking, includes both sex trafficking and compelled labor.  The Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000, as amended (TVPA), and the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (Palermo Protocol) describe ...
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